1 Thessalonians 2 Commentary Verses 1-4

1 Thessalonians 2 Commentary 1-4

1 Thessalonians 2 Commentary Verses 1-4: It wasn’t more than a few weeks into our marriage that my wife and I came to truly appreciate the importance of communication.

Because when you’re single, you know pretty well what you’re thinking – at least, most of the time!

But when all of a sudden you experience what the Bible describes as becoming “one flesh” with an individual whose brain you don’t physically share – you need to start talking!

And you need that talking to be effective.

Lori and I had at least one time of very ineffective communication on our honeymoon. We were in Nova Scotia, Canada and it was New Year’s Day. The owner of the cabin that we were staying at told us that the “Polar Bears” were going to be down at the lake that day.

…Well, that sounded pretty exciting to both of us. So we got in the car and started driving to the lake. Lori was expecting to see big white bears. I was expecting to see some crazy guys diving into the ice-cold water. …You can imagine the hilarity that ensued.

On the way to the lake I mused out loud that I thought it wouldn’t be healthy to be a “Polar Bear”. Lori looked at me like I was absolutely crazy and she asked why I would even think of such a silly thing.

Well, you can imagine her surprise when we got there and humans came out of the boat house instead of literal bears.

The communication was mighty ineffective that day. And it highlighted the importance of transmitting thoughts from my mind to the mind of someone else – and doing it effectively.

Effective Gospel Communication & Correct Motives and Methods of Gospel Communication

This effective communication was the desire of the apostle Paul. He wanted to communicate the gospel effectively wherever he preached it.

And so, tonight we’re going to see him reminisce on the effectiveness of his communication of the gospel to those people in the ancient city of Thessalonica.

So, let’s turn to 1 Thessalonians 2 to see that.

We’re going to be studying verses 1-4 of 1 Thessalonians 2 – where we’ll see truths concerning 1) effective gospel communication and 2) correct motives and methods behind our communication of gospel truths to others in our lives.

So, let’s read 1 Thessalonians 2:1-4 and then we’ll get into the details.

1 Thessalonians 2:1–4 AV 1873

1 For yourselves, brethren, know our entrance in unto you, that it was not in vain:

2 but even after that we had suffered before, and were shamefully entreated, as ye know, at Philippi, we were bold in our God to speak unto you the gospel of God with much contention.

3 For our exhortation was not of deceit, nor of uncleanness, nor in guile:

4 but as we were allowed of God to be put in trust with the gospel, even so we speak; not as pleasing men, but God, which trieth our hearts.

So, we’re going to see in these four verses Paul’s example to these Thessalonian believers – and to all believers throughout Church history.

He’s actually going to be reminding the Thessalonians once more of his “entrance in unto” them. And you might think that we’re heard about this already. And that’s because we have!

Paul back in 1 Thessalonians 1:9 mentions this entrance that he and Silas had with the Thessalonians. But in that verse, Paul was talking about the way that the Thessalonians had received Paul and Silas – and how that reception made those believers an example for other Christians of their time.

But the emphasis here in 1 Thessalonians 2:1 is not on the Thessalonians’ example – but of Paul and Silas’ example – in relation to their coming to the Thessalonians.

So, in chapter 1 we saw the example of how to receive gospel ministry. But now in chapter 2 – in the first two verses – we’ll see how to give gospel ministry.

Verses 1 and 2 of chapter two will show us how to communicate the gospel to others in a way that could be characterized as effective – the opposite of which is vanity or futility or worthlessness.

And then we’ll go on in verses 3 and 4 to see correct motivations and methods regarding proclaiming the gospel to others.

In other words, we’re going to be seeing the apostle Paul in verses 3 and 4 speaking about speaking – communicating the gospel effectively with the right motives and methods – in a biblical, apostolic, Pauline manner.

So, that’s what lies ahead of us.

Verse 1

1 Thessalonians 2:1 AV 1873

1 For yourselves, brethren, know our entrance in unto you, that it was not in vain:

So, first of all, in verse 1, we see that Paul wants to remind the Thessalonians of the time when he and Silas came to the Thessalonians and preached the gospel to them.

The Thessalonians could testify to the fact that Paul and Silas’ ministry among them was not empty or worthless.

For yourselves, brethren, know

Paul begins by saying that the Thessalonians themselves knew all about the effectiveness of the gospel ministry of these two men among them. It was evident to them. He wasn’t saying anything that they weren’t already very acquainted with.

And it’s interesting that Paul tells these believers 11 times in this one book something similar to this. He tells them that they should be aware of something already – they should know this or that. And from this fact I think we can gather the really personal nature of this book. Paul knew these believers well enough to know what they knew.

The Thessalonians knew about what kind of people Paul and Silas proved to be when they came to them. They knew about the attacks against Paul and Silas in Philippi. They knew the manner in which Paul and Silas spoke to them – and more.

our entrance in unto you

And so, what the Thessalonians knew in this situation was regarding Paul and Silas’ entrance in unto those believers. They could remember the time when Paul and Silas came to them and ministered the gospel to them.

And as we’ve said already, the Thessalonians gave Paul and Silas an exemplary reception.

But now, Paul wants to speak more about that time in their lives – but from the perspective of the example that Paul and Silas set in that situation.

We’ve heard about the exemplary reception of gospel communication. Now we’ll hear about the exemplary transmission or communication or proclamation of the gospel.

that it was not in vain

And what the Thessalonians themselves would have been able to call to mind was that this ministry of Paul and Silas was not in vain. It wasn’t empty. It wasn’t purposeless.

It’s not as though the Thessalonians were hoping for some spiritual help and direction – but Paul and Silas couldn’t deliver. No – it was effective.

So, how would you know if your approaching someone with the gospel was in vain? Not that the gospel itself is ever vain or empty or worthless. But the way that your audience responds to it can be. And in this passage we’re told that the way that you present the gospel can be in vain, as well.

How did Paul know that his verbal ministry of the gospel to those believers was – whatever the opposite of vain is – powerful, effective, transformative?

He’s going to answer that question in verse 2.

Verse 2

1 Thessalonians 2:2 AV 1873

2 but even after that we had suffered before, and were shamefully entreated, as ye know, at Philippi, we were bold in our God to speak unto you the gospel of God with much contention.

I’m not sure how you would be able to tell if your giving the gospel to someone was without impact or not. But for Paul, the indication was that he was able to speak with boldness to them. To him, that was the key to effective gospel ministry – bold speech.

And this bold speech was not a result of Paul having an extraordinary amount of self-confidence. No – he was bold in his God.

This boldness was amazing and a testimony to God’s help and grace, considering the way that Paul and Silas had just been treated in Philippi – which the Thessalonians also knew about.

Paul and Silas were bold to speak the gospel of God. And they did it in the midst of a lot of opposition/affliction.

we were bold in our God to speak unto you the gospel of God with much contention.

So, first, we have the necessary boldness of the gospel communicator.

Paul’s main idea in this verse is that he and Silas spoke boldly to these Thessalonians. Bold speech is a sign of a gospel ministry that isn’t in vain.

in our God

Their bold speech had its source in the Lord himself. Paul and Silas were bold – they say – “in our God”.

They weren’t self-confident. They were God-confident.

the gospel of God

And of course, the content of their bold speech was the gospel. This is the first of 3 references to the gospel in this chapter alone.

There are numerous topics which you could discuss with your friends and neighbors and co-workers. You could talk about the weather or about politics or about sports or about family. And there’s certainly a time to discuss any and all of those topics.

But unless the conversation comes around to the gospel, your attempted verbal ministry to them is not going to be reaching the ultimate biblical goal. As we engage people for the purpose of verbally ministering to them, we need the Lord to cause the subject of the gospel to come to the fore.

So, a successful productive verbal ministry is evidenced by a boldness, the source of which is God, and the content of which is the gospel.

with much contention

And then the last element Paul mentions of an effective verbal ministry is this matter of it being attended “with much contention”.

I think it’s clear that Paul isn’t saying that he was being contentious with the Thessalonians – though our English translation might lead you to believe that at fist glance.

This word contention is the Greek word αγων from which we get our English word agony. So, what was Paul experiencing that could be described as an agony for him as he was verbally ministering to the Thessalonians?

•           This word is used to describe suffering for Christ in the realm of having enemies who hate you simply for your faith in Jesus (Philippians 1:28-30).

•           This word describes the care that Paul had for believers – especially those whom he wasn’t able to personally visit. He felt this way about them and desired them to be comforted, unified, and full of the knowledge of God (Colossians 2:1-3).

•           This is what Paul called Timothy to do in his life – to contend the good contention or you know the phrase better as “fight the good fight” (1 Timothy 6:12). And then Paul himself at the end of his life could claim that he himself had done just that (2 Timothy 4:7).

•           This entire Christian life is described with this word when the author to the Hebrews urges us to run the race with endurance as we look to Jesus (Hebrews 12:1-2).

This word then describes struggle in the Christian life and our overcoming and prevailing through Christ.

So, Paul says that he spoke the gospel boldly to these Thessalonians with God’s help. And he did it with much care and concern and patience and endurance and self-sacrifice – just like Jesus did when he walked this earth.

but even after that we had suffered before, and were shamefully entreated, as ye know, at Philippi

And what’s all the more remarkable about this bold speech that marked Paul and Silas’ productive and effective time with the believers in Thessalonica is what had happened to Paul and Silas just prior to them coming to that city.

They suffered and were shamefully treated in Philippi before they came to Thessalonica.

This is referring to the events recorded in Acts 16. After Paul cast a demon out of a slave girl, her owners dragged him and Silas into the marketplace where the magistrates and the crowd ended up tearing the clothes off of Paul and Silas and beating them severely with rods. They were then thrown into prison with their feet put in the stocks.

This was shameful treatment. They suffered for their ministry previously.

And when you reach out to others and make attempts to serve them – and then your service is rebuffed or rejected in some way – your tendency is going to be to withdraw and not be willing to put yourself out again.

But that’s not how Paul and Silas responded to the previous rejection of their ministry. They were bold in their God.

So, what’s going to help you when your service is not appreciated by others? When you open your mouth and try to give the gospel to others – but they don’t want to hear it. And maybe they even turn on you. What will keep you going?

We’ve already seen it, but you need to be “bold in [your] God”. Even when you experience shameful treatment and various levels of suffering.

Paul says that the Thessalonians knew how he and Silas suffered in Philippi before coming to them and ministering to them. Paul and Silas served as an example for those Thessalonians to follow in this regard. And they’re a pattern for us to follow 2,000 years later.

So, to summarize what we’ve just seen – in verses 1 and 2 Paul starts to remind the Thessalonians of what they already knew. They knew all about the way that Paul and Silas came to them and proclaimed the gospel. It wasn’t an empty thing. Instead, Paul and Silas had boldness and spoke the gospel to these folks even after they had just experienced a great deal of suffering. Paul and Silas had a bold effective gospel ministry with these folks.

Verse 3

1 Thessalonians 2:3 AV 1873

3 For our exhortation was not of deceit, nor of uncleanness, nor in guile:

And now, in verses 3 and 4 we’re going to see Paul speaking more about his speaking to the Thessalonians.

Paul’s speech included exhortations to them. And those exhortations weren’t conducted with unworthy motives or methods.

In verse 3 Paul says, “For our exhortation was not…” and then he follows that with three motivations that were not present in his heart as he spoke to the Thessalonians.

And then verse 4 positively states how they did speak – when Paul says, “… even so we speak …”

So, verses 3 and 4 contain Paul’s describing how he spoke to the Thessalonians and why he spoke to them that way. It’s Paul’s motivations and methods for communicating the gospel to them the way he did.

For our exhortation

So, Paul first points to a specific aspect of his verbal ministry with the Thessalonians. And that’s the matter of his exhortation.

This word refers to encouragement, urging, begging, comforting, or beseeching – depending on the context. It describes words with a heart and burden behind them and containing motivation to act – with direction and guidance built in to them. That’s what exhortation is.

And Paul wanted to remind the Thessalonians of three ways in which he did not attempt to direct them. His words were intended to be directional. But not out of the following three flawed motives or methods.

was not of deceit

First, Paul didn’t exhort them from deceit. He didn’t attempt to deceive the Thessalonians. And he himself was not acting from a base of being self-deceived or in error.

The short New Testament letter of Jude gives us one motivation for a so-called minister to deceive himself and attempt to deceive others. He calls it the “error of Balaam” (Jude 1:11).

[S] As you might recall, Balaam was a prophet that the king of Moab hired to curse Israel as they were coming into the Promised Land. And at first Balaam seemed orthodox as he kept insisting on saying only what God wanted him to say. That’s a good thing! But later on, Balaam advised the king of Moab to lead the Israelites to sin through enticements to immorality. The Israelites took the bait which led to them committing both immorality and idolatry. And so, God had to punish them – which is exactly the result that the king of Moab wanted originally.

Balaam in public spoke only what God wanted him to say. But privately his counsel was very ungodly. And his motivation was money. Peter tells us that Balaam loved the wages of unrighteousness (2 Peter 2:15). That’s why he did what he did.

In other words, if you’re following “the error of Balaam”, you greatly desire money. And you’ll do whatever it takes to get it. You’ll even use religion – you’ll even use God’s word if it’ll just earn you a few bucks.


[S] Recently our small groups at Maranatha have considered the story of Naaman the leprous army commander of Syria in the Old Testament. You know the story of this man who came to Israel so that the prophet Elisha could heal him of his skin condition. And Naaman was so thankful for that healing that he wanted to give the prophet money, which Elisha emphatically refused. He didn’t heal for money.

But Elisha had a servant – Gehazi – and he wanted that money. So, with deception, he went and secretly asked Naaman for the money that his master had intentionally turned down. And you know that the Lord gave that deceitful servant Naaman’s leprosy as a punishment for his deception and greed.

You don’t want to be found to be a Balaam or a Gehazi. When you speak the gospel and try to serve others for Christ’s sake, you must not have as your motivation or method deceit. Wherever that’s the case, confess it to the Lord and get honest with him and with those to whom you would minister.

nor of uncleanness

The second negative that Paul mentions concerning his speech is this matter of uncleanness.

•           Sometimes this can refer to something that’s generally unclean or dirty.

•           It can refer to the state of an area in which a dead body had decayed and all of the unpleasant realities associated with that.

•           But quite often this word refers to sexual immorality. It’s lumped in with words like adultery and fornication and lasciviousness (Galatians 5:19).

And this is probably the sense in which Paul is using this word here – sexual uncleanness.

And this was not a motivating factor for the Apostle Paul’s speaking to these Thessalonians. But the sad truth is that sometimes this can become the motivation behind people’s “ministry”.

Some of you may know the name Ravi Zacharias. I’ve from time to time enjoyed his cerebral and philosophical approach to matters of Christianity and apologetics. He passed away in May of 2020.

But recently, the board of Ravi Zacharias International Ministries released a thorough investigation of multiple allegations of abuse against the late preacher. And it’s with great sorrow in my own heart to say that Mr. Zacharias apparently did engage in adultery and sexual and spiritual abuse of women in massage parlors toward the end of his life. And what these women are claiming is that he used spiritual words to excuse his immoral behavior with them.

Brother and sisters, if such a man as Ravi Zacharias fell in this area, we also need to take heed. He was married for 48 years. He was in ministry for four decades. And he fell in this vital area.

God has put many of you in positions of leadership – both notable and perhaps obscure – official and unofficial. And you must never give in to this approach that Paul is condemning here. Do not attempt to speak to and exhort and direct people for your selfish pleasure. Don’t do it for uncleanness.

nor in guile

And the last way in which Paul did not speak to these Thessalonians had to do with guile.

This concept is closely related to the “deceit” that we’ve already spoken of. But if there’s a distinction, it seems that guile here would be referring to more of a secret subtle deception.

In our days, you have the likes of a Benny Hinn or a Kenneth Copeland or some other prosperity gospel preacher. And they’re just out in the open deceiving people. And it really seems like they’re hardly trying to conceal the deception. It’s so blatant and obvious.

But you also have subtle philosophies whose deceptions aren’t all that easy to catch at first glance.

[S] You have nice-looking clean-cut guys like this who are a part of a religious cult that speaks highly of Jesus on the surface. But when you get down to their real theology, they reject him as being “the Son of God” – with all of the ramifications of that Bible phrase.


[S] I’ve had the sorrow of attending several Catholic funerals in these beautiful and ornate buildings with all sorts of depictions of Scriptural truths. I’d say that the great majority of what’s said in that kind of an occasion is actually true – taken apart from its broader context. But it’s the subtle things that are not said (like justification by faith alone in Christ alone) – or the glaring errors here and there that are mixed in with general truths (like purgatory or works-salvation) – that can be harder to detect.


This must not be our motivation as we speak the gospel into people’s lives. We must not harbor in our hearts a secret desire to deceive.

Paul didn’t. He did not deceive – openly or secretly. And he was not motivated by unclean sexual motivations.

Verse 4

1 Thessalonians 2:4 AV 1873

4 but as we were allowed of God to be put in trust with the gospel, even so we speak; not as pleasing men, but God, which trieth our hearts.

Instead, Paul and Silas’ exhortations to those believers were according to their great calling from God. God had entrusted the gospel to them in order for them to give it to others – like the Thessalonians. Paul and Silas were aware of their great responsibility concerning the gospel.

And because they were aware of their responsibility, they were not seeking to please men primarily with their speaking and exhortations. They were instead seeking to please God. Because ultimately, God knows everyone’s heart and Paul and Silas wanted their hearts – and their motives – to be approved by God just as he had approved of these two men to proclaim the gospel.

but … even so we speak

So, Paul and Silas weren’t communicating the gospel with wrong motives and methods. To the contrary, Paul says, “but… even so we speak”.

There’s first of all a contrast – Paul says, “but”. In contrast to the wrong motivations and methods of communicating spiritual truths to others, Paul is going to describe the right motivation. He’s going to describe his motivation to minister verbally.

And he says that he speaks “even so”. And that’s to say that he’s pointing back to something he’s said. He’s drawing a comparison. How does he speak? “Even so” – In this manner…

as we were allowed of God to be put in trust with the gospel

Paul spoke as one who was allowed of God to be put in trust with the gospel.

The preaching of the gospel was entrusted to Paul. God gave him the duty and responsibility to proclaim the message of Jesus’ death, burial, and resurrection to all people – and especially to the Gentiles – to non-Jews.

And while we don’t have that same exact ministry entrusted to us in exactly all the same details, we do have our Great Commission from our Lord Jesus Christ.

Our Commission

Matthew 28:18–20 AV 1873

18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. 19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: 20 teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.

This is what God has entrusted to you. Go. Disciple all nations. Baptize them. Teach them. Christ is with us.

Will you go? Maybe not overseas – but maybe to your next work assignment or to your kid’s soccer practice or to your family reunion or maybe across the street to go talk to your neighbor or to the store in town to see if God might cause you to cross paths with someone who needs the gospel. Will you go for Christ’s sake?

Are you engaged in disciple-making? At home? At school? At work? At church here?

We haven’t had any baptisms in a while in this church. Are we going to do that? Are there some whose next step of obedience to Christ involves that public testimony to their total faith in Jesus? Of their dying with him and being raised with him to a new life?

And are you teaching? I am right now! Hopefully you were aware of that fact. But are we being taught ourselves so that we may teach others?

Do you know Christ’s presence with you as you do these things?

You’ve been entrusted with the gospel. It’s a high calling.

And so, how in the world would we ever give in to those base motivations that Paul spoke of in verse 3? Open or secret deceit. Immoral uncleanness. No – that’s not how we speak. We speak as those who have been entrusted with an incredibly precious and powerful message from God himself.

we were allowed of God

So, how did Paul come to be entrusted with this gospel message?

He was “allowed of God” to be entrusted with that message.

But “allowed” in our modern English usage sounds so passive. And that’s not what Paul is really communicating. It’s not that God passively half-heartedly after a lot of coaxing and persuasion finally allowed Paul to preach the gospel.

The idea is that God approved Paul’s doing this. He put his stamp of approval on Paul’s gospel ministry. God examined Paul and tested him and saw fit to entrust this man with this ministry.

On the basis of the Great Commission that we just considered, you are approved by Jesus Christ. He’s the one with all power in heaven and on earth. And he has approved you to proclaim the good news that saves people from their sins.

And so, again, how could you ever resort to wicked and carnal motivations for speaking to others – ministering verbal truth to them? Your motivation is that God in heaven chose you to bear this message to whomever you come in contact with. Or at least that’s what your motivation should be!

So, that’s the positive side of this. How did Paul speak? How did he verbally minister to others – to the Thessalonians, in particular?

We already saw that negatively he did not operate on the basis of those three unworthy motivations or methods in verse 3…

Positively, Paul’s main motivation in the way he spoke was based on what he knew God had ordained for him – that he would be entrusted with proclaiming the gospel to others because God had approved him to do this.

But then Paul needs to swing back around to the negatives again.

not as pleasing men, but God

Because even as you’re speaking for Christ’s sake and with God’s full approval, there can be a temptation to do it wrong.

Our temptation can be to attempt to please men. That can become our focus.

When you’re talking to a neighbor about the gospel, is it hard for you to be honest about what the Bible teaches concerning the eternal torment of those who resolutely reject Jesus Christ in this life?

I’m sure anyone who teaches or preaches God’s word feels this pull to please people in our communication.

On a personal level, when I really sat down and looked at 1 Thessalonians after deciding to teach through it, it struck me that in my first few message I was going to have to say something about election. And the temptation was to fear what people might think about what I say about that doctrine. But I tried to say just what God has said about it – and you haven’t kicked me out yet!

And I know that we’re making our way to chapter 4 in this book where the matter of the Rapture is dealt with. And I know where our church officially stands on that topic, but maybe some folks here are not in agreement. I plan to take the same approach with that matter as I did with election. What has God said? Let’s figure that out together and agree with God on that matter and any others that arise.

…What if you think that someone you know is close to accepting Christ. And he asks you a question about his lifestyle and how that would need to change if he fully trusted Jesus? “If I trust Christ, will I have to give up X?” In that moment, you will be tempted to try to please that person. You’ll be tempted to cut corners and smooth-out rough edges to what it means to truly be a disciple of Christ.

So, this was not Paul’s approach. It’s not what he gave in to. His speech was not aimed at pleasing people.

To be sure, Paul wasn’t making it his goal to displease people! That’s not what he means here.

But rather, he made it his goal – when he spoke – to please God foremost and above all else.

There’s a southern saying that goes, “If momma ain’t happy, ain’t nobody happy.”

And, not to be irreverent at all – but that truth carries over to God. If God isn’t pleased, what’s the point? If God isn’t pleased, who cares what people think?

If your speaking is not aimed at pleasing God in heaven – God your Father – God the creator of men – even the men that you and I tend to fear – if your goal is not to please God in what you say, then what are you doing?

The people who are spiritually-minded aren’t going to be happy with your ministry. And the ones who want you to tickle their ears and say what they want to hear – they themselves won’t ultimately be pleased even.

We must make it our goal as we attempt to verbally minister to people to please God first and foremost.

God … trieth our hearts

And we do this because God tries our hearts.

Tries” is the same word that was translated “allowed” back at the beginning of this verse.

Who determines if your motives are pure? Who’s the one who is able to make judgement calls like that?

It’s God who alone can accurately judge our motives. He’s the one who tries our hearts – not the physical organ that pumps blood throughout our body – but that inward person of us that makes us who we truly are. The body is important and it certainly is a part of who we are. But beyond the shade of our skin color or the color of our hair and eyes or where and when and into which culture we were born, we all have this inner person with inner motives that influence what we do.

And as Paul tells the Corinthian church in 2 Corinthians 10:18, it’s not the person who commends himself who is approved. It’s the one whom the Lord commends who is ultimately approved by God.

God approves us to proclaim the gospel of his Son. And he tests and – we hope – approves our motives and methods in that verbal communication of gospel truth to others.


So, would you characterize your verbal ministry to others – your sharing of the gospel with them – as effective and bold? Or would you honestly have to say that your attempts to communicate the gospel to others have been vain or empty or ineffective?

Have boldness in your God and recognize and truly believe that he is able to give you all the boldness and effectiveness that you need to make known his gospel to others.

And what about the motives behind your communicating spiritual truths to others? Is your sole focus on pleasing God with that kind of service? Or are you motivated by deception and uncleanness? Are you motivated by the smile and approval of people?

Recognize that it’s God himself who has approved you to go and make disciples and teach. He’s with you. He judges your motives.

So, let’s look to him for help and grace as we attempt to verbally communicate the gospel to others all around us for his name’s sake.

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